During the 16th and 18th centuries, many explorations in different countries of the world led to the rediscovery of what we know today as “lost cities”. The reasons why these cities were lost in time and forgotten for centuries include the total abandonment of their inhabitants, climate change, massacres, conquests or natural disasters.
Today, many of these cities are considered the most famous tourist attractions in the world. Next we make a list with the 25 most famous lost cities in the world:
Palmyra was a wealthy city situated between Persia and the Mediterranean ports of Syria. Known as “the city of palm trees”, it began to experience a decline in its trade in 212 AD, after the Sassanid occupation of the Tigris and Euphrates. In the year 643 after Christ, the city was conquered by the Muslims until it became an oasis town.
This city was built in the year 2,600 BC in what is now known as Pakistan. It was one of the oldest urban settlements in the world. Around 1700 BC, the city disappeared from history until its rediscovery in the 1920s.
23.- Great Zimbabwe
As a complex of stone ruins, Great Zimbabwe was built by the Bantu people during the 11th century. It was once home to 18,000 inhabitants during its heyday, but due to a significant decline in political stability and trade, as well as drastic changes in the weather, its people decided to leave the city.
Hatra was a large fortified city that existed during the reign of the Parthian empire. It successfully resisted several invasions by the Romans thanks to its high and thick walls and towers. In the year 241 after Christ it fell into the hands of the Sassanian empire and was completely destroyed.
It took more than a thousand years to build this city (from the 3rd to the 13th century). His downfall began after the decline of Buddhism in India. The city was rediscovered by a British officer in the year 1818.